Фанатизм

Данная статья направлена на разъяснение явления фанатизма применимо к GNU/Linux и OpenSource в частности, а так же практические советы.

GNU/Linux это не только операционная система, но и сообщество пользователей, философия (не путать с религией). Многие OpenSource проекты так же формируют сообщества со своими правилами и идеологией. Возможно непонимание причин и процессов, формирующих сообщество и идеологию, рождает предположение что все это порождение фанатизма в той или иной мере.

Разграничение понятий

Нужно быть немного психологом, чтобы разобраться в этом вопросе. И для начала следует разграничить понятия: пристрастие, фанатизм и убеждения. Все три понятия зачастую смешивают, расчесывая под одну гребенку.

Пристрастие явление присущие поклонникам/фанатам - сродни влюбленности и всепоглощающего интереса. Например, вам настолько понравился GNU/Linux, что вы начинаете слишком бурно его защищать, восхвалять и т. п., например, игнорируя то факт, что пропаганда в данном случае неуместна...

В целом это не проблема, пока такая "влюбленность" не мешает близким/знакомым, да и самому "влюбленному". Другое дело что "пристрастие" вещь временная и непостоянная. Обычно если все слишком завязано на эмоциях, то все быстро охладевает, и человек возвращается к своим старым привычкам.

Фанатизм, если разбираться в корне, не здоровое явление. Фанатизм применимый к GNU/Linux обычно имеет все свои признаки:  нетерпимость к чужим взглядам и убеждениям; слепое, безоговорочное  обожествление; отсутствие критического восприятия чего-либо и т. д. и т. п. Конечно в каждом случае своя индивидуальная картина. В целом, как и обычный фанатизм, данное явление подлежит классифицированию, подробнее на Википедиа.

На просторах интернета более реализуется как непримиримое насаждение/отстаивание своего мировоззрения. Следует отметить, что он обычно не имеет психической/патологической картины, однако оппоненты в споре для уничижения оппонента любят ссылаться именно на это.

Об убеждениях. Человек, который придерживается убеждений свободного программного обеспечения, это не фанатик и не фанат. Здесь имеются в виду убеждения, являющиеся квинтэссенцией философии СПО. Такой человек скорее похож на познавшего истинную веру. Скорей всего варьезникам он покажется ущербным. То есть ограничивающие убеждения могут показаться нелепыми, в той или иной среде «вседозволенности».

Осознанное следование убеждениям не является фанатизмом, а скорее выбором человека.

Причины фанатизма

Явление истого компьютерного фанатизма, как и обычного невозможно расчесать под одну гребенку, ибо это явление индивидуальное и единичное. Тем более никто не культивирует его (то есть не существует секты GNU/Linux или OpenSource).

Тем ни менее «троллей» все это не особо интересует.     Сегодня они любят приписывать большую долю фанатиков к пользователям GNU/Linux,  ссылаясь на надуманные теории возникновения и «психологическую» подоплеку.

Практические советы

Для тех, кто хочет рассказывать о GNU/Linux, я бы советовал ознакомиться с Linux User Group HOWTO, в частности разделы 4.1 Пропаганда Linux и 4.2 Ограничения пропаганды. А так же статьи, на которые ссылаются в выше упомянутом тексте.

Это позволит вам эффективно пропагандировать и не быть причисленным к лону фанатиков.

Для начинающих пользователей GNU/Linux рекомендую прочитать статью о том как не разочароваться в новой ОС.

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